Italy. Just the word conjures up images of romantic winding roads, the scent of basil and oregano, and of course, one of the world’s greatest Empires ever to have existed: Rome. Whether it’s meatballs and parmesan, da Vinci, (or even Mario!), we all have that special portrayal of one of the most influential cultures of the past and present.
Perhaps one of the most famous things about Italy is its cuisine, and today I would like to explore that with you. In this article we will cover some healthy food from Italy that should be welcomed into our diets!
For most, Italian food means pizza and pasta – which as we all know don’t exactly have a healthy reputation. However, the traditional and real food from every region in the country can be and is enjoyed healthily in many ways. I’d like to share 6 healthy meals that range from hearty to light and fun.
So pour yourself a complimentary Amarone, sit back, and become an Italian cuisine connoisseur.
So, I thought it would only make sense to begin with one of the most historical dishes of Italy: minestrone. Thought to have originated in a time before that Romans, minestrone was originally made with leftover ingredients, vegetables, and stock.
There are many varieties of this soup-like dish, most often made with pasta or with rice and loaded with traditional herbs and vegetables. Making it with meat results in a much heartier dish. Using chicken in this dish will result in higher protein, glycine (which is great for connective tissue), vitamins such as B3 and B5 for metabolism and A and B6 for nervous system development and health, as well as vitamin D, and minerals such as choline, iron, potassium, phosphorus, selenium, and zinc.
In most cases, minestrone will include celery, root vegetables such as onions and carrots, and herbs such as garlic and thyme. These are all brilliant for health and contain a wealth of vitamins and antioxidants.
It is best – if using starches – to use rice instead of pasta. This may differ amongst people (for example due to intolerances), but in general, rice is healthier and large amounts of pasta is undesirable.
One of the best ways to make minestrone is with stock. All natural stocks are extremely good for us, and especially so if using bone and meat. This will encourage the proper growth and building of soft tissue such as joints, ligaments, tendons, and skin. The benefits of this are more than plentiful.
Our second healthy food from Italy is the classic Caesar Salad. Caesar salad, believe it or not, was not named after the famous Julius Caesar of Rome, and was originally named Aviator’s salad. It is a simple mix romaine lettuce, parmesan cheese, eggs, garlic, anchovies, and olive oil, often seasoned with lemon juice and black pepper.
There is nothing unhealthy about this dish…
- Lettuce is loaded with vitamins A (and zeaxanthin), K, and C, and contains good amounts of minerals – mostly manganese, magnesium, and iron.
- Parmesan is very high in protein and calcium (but beware of too much sodium).
- Eggs are great for many reasons and benefit brain health, heart health, and the nervous system, and also contain a fair amount of protein.
- Garlic is a superfood that has been used medicinally for thousands of years and contains active ingredients which are beneficial for gut health, illness prevention and treatment, and for tissue building. One of the reasons is so great for gut health is due to its fibre, which acts as a prebiotic to feed the beneficial (and indeed vital) probitioc bacteria in out guts!
- Anchovies contain generous amounts of anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids, and a wealth of vitamins, minerals, and protein.
- Olive oil is another superfood found in this salad. It has demonstrated anti-cancer and anti-ageing properties, and its copious amounts of polyphenols act as potent anti-inflammatories. Check out my post on its amazing benefits here (some may surprise you)!
The vitamin A content of this salad helps boost eye health too!
If you are lactose or dairy intolerant, then substituting the cheese and eggs with olives and tomatoes might be a good choice!
Caprese salad is one even simpler than the last, with only four main ingredients! It is not only easy to make, but it is wonderfully healthy.
It consists of sliced tomato, mozzarella cheese, fresh basil leaves, and plenty of olive oil (and an optional sprinkle of salt or pepper). That’s it. How easy is that?
- Tomatoes are well-known for their health benefits, mostly due to them being rich in vitamin C. However, they are also a good way to get more vitamin A and antioxidants such as lycopene into it or diets. Lycopene is known to act against hypertension and cancer, and protect our bones and skin.
- Mozzarella – just like parmesan and other cheeses – is abundant in calcium and protein. It also contains iron, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, selenium in fair amounts and is rich in most B vitamins particularly B2 and B12. This makes it great for our bones, and for the proper health and function of red blood cells.
- Basil has many kinds and is a traditional part of Ayurvedic medicine. It is known to help manage stress and pain and it also benefits our bone health due to its vitamin K content (which helps us to absorb calcium). In Italian cooking it is Sweet Basil that is most used.
- Olive Oil… (Read ahead)
The Benefits of The Mediterranean Gold
I want to talk about Olive Oil in a little more depth here. Here’s an entire post about its amazing health benefits if you want to learn more! In Italian cuisine it is an essential ingredient, and it’s no wonder… Italy is the second largest producer of olive oil in the world and the third largest consumer at approximately 11.3l per capita per year (lucky them)!
Ahead of them come only Spain and Greece. As I said above, olive oil has demonstrated anti-ageing and anti-cancer (including of bowel and breast) properties. This is due to it being loaded with antioxidants of many kinds and anti-carcinogens. Since it consists of monounsaturated fats, it benefits heart health by combating hypertension and also may help manage weight loss. Its benefits are far too much to talk about here, but it really is no lie that olive oil can make you live longer!
In the 14th century, shortly after rice was introduced to Spain, the northern region of Italy known as Lombard started to cultivate the crop. We believe it is from here that risotto origitnated. It began as – and still is – a thick and creamy rice dish made by cooking rice in broth until the desired texture is reached, and adding extra ingredients of many varieties, including vegetables, mushrooms, fish, meat, and so on. For this reason there are many types of risotto (just as there are minestrone).
About the types of rice…
Almost always, risotto is made with arborio rice – a small and starchy seed that is to accredit for the creamy texture of this dish. When consumed in moderate portions it offers a little amount of nutrition despite high carbohydrates, including protein, and small amounts of iron and vitamin C. It may also help aid in digestion. Possible substitutes of lower Glycemic Index (~overall sugar content) include Basmati Rice, Brown Rice (although try to soak or ferment it first), and quinoa. The last two may benefit digestion even more, and provide you with more nutrients.
It is when we add healthy and wholesome ingredients such as seafood and vegetables that this dish really becomes healthy. The choices are practically endless. One of the best things you can do to boost the health of this dish is to prepare it using bone broth/stock.
Trippa Alla Roma
Trippa Alla Roma “Tripe of Rome” (the fourth Healthy Food From Italy on our list) may not be the most appetising item on the menu for many, but hopefully I can show you why it should be. If you haven’t read my previous post about the benefits of organ meat (or offal), I highly suggest that you do, because trust me when I say they’re pretty awesome.
This hearty dish is often served with root vegetables and garlic and is cooked in olive oil, white wine, and water. This provides a strong boost of vitamins and minerals, as well as antioxidants. The cooking process eliminates the alcohol content of the wine.
Let’s talk about what tripe is before we get into the benefits. A once commonly consumed organ meat (or offal or variety meat), tripe is the lining of the stomach and is often acquired from cow or sheep. Being an organ meat means that it benefits from bioconcentration (the process of concentrating nutrients in a less nutrient-concentrated environment) and is therefore extremely nutritious.
This meat is lower in fat than others, and is a noteworthy source of protein, making it quite lean. The protein is useful for building tissue and muscle and for producing and regulating hormones. Additionally, it contains the essential vitamin B12 in reasonable amounts. This B-vitamin is important for red blood cells to function healthily, for the production of DNA and serotonin, for supporting bone health and mineral density, and for lowering homocysteine levels which in turn prevents and acts against hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), heart attacks, heart disease, and stroke (it supports heart and brain health in many ways including ways which I have not mentioned here). Tripe also provides us with selenium and zinc. (Selenium is a potent antioxidant that is also used to manage thyroid function and the production of DNA, and zinc also has many benefits).
This dish really is healthy for us, as are organ meats in general. If you’re afraid to try them, there are certainly ways to overcome that. Once you get used to it, it is just like eating anything else, and certainly worth it for most of us.
Onto our final dish of this list, mussel stew.
Seafood is an integral part of the Mediterranean cuisine as a whole, and Italy is no exception.
Mussels are highly nutritious molluscs that provide high amounts of:
- B vitamins
- Vitamins A
- Vitamin C
- Omega-3 fatty acids
- …and other minerals.
This makes them extremely healthy and a fantastic way to reduce and prevent inflammation. (Which helps to maintain health and prevent/treat many conditions including arthritis), build muscle and other body tissues, support the immune system, boost brain health and heart health, control hormones, and a lot lot more.
They contain almost no saturated fat and so won’t provide much stored energy, but the extra protein may boost energy levels. And for those of you that exercise, this is great for improving performance and speed up recovery. A 3-oz serving of muscles contains approximately 20g of protein, which is about 40% of the recommended daily value.
What else is in a mussel stew?
Now of course, mussel stew might not be so interesting without other ingredients, so let’s take a look at those.
A true Italian-styled mussel stew typically contains a good amount of garlic. This herb is considered a superfood and has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Furthermore, onion is often a key ingredient, which is high in vitamin C and has health benefits similar to those of garlic. The sauce is often made with tomatoes, white wine, olive oil, or stock, (or a healthy mixture). This dish makes use of traditional Italian herbs to produce an amazing aroma and flavour. These include parsley, basil, and oregano. Each herb of course has its own benefits, but all of them contain plenty of antioxidants, reduce inflammation, and protect against cancer. Individually, parsley is a brilliant detoxifying herb, basil supports healthy digestion, and oregano has potent antibacterial properties.
Smart Decisions for A Smart Diet…
Traditionally, Italian food is rather quite healthy, and some of its most famous dishes and those that are less common from regions throughout the country may offer us multiple benefits and reasons to add them to our diets. The Healthy Food From Italy covered here just goes to show that!
Unfortunately, some of the stereotypical staples of the Italian cuisine such as refined pasta and pizza can be rather unhealthy. Of course, having either or in small amounts (particularly using less-refined sourdough or whole grains, and WITHOUT vegetable oils such as canola, sunflower, grapeseed, rapeseed, etc.) is okay for most people provided that they make smarter decisions such as having plenty of vegetables, fish, and meats (etc.) with these dishes. Avoiding those with vegetable oils and/or high amounts of sugar is key.
Healthy eating is fun, it’s an adventure!
Having a healthy diet (and being healthy in general) is a process of learning and applying knowledge. It is not just a state of being. It should be fun, like our own individual adventure. By no means should you have to cut out an entire ethnic cuisine to eat healthily, and in our ever-globalising world full of international influences doing so would be impractical. There are many ways to enjoy the cuisines of any given culture in a healthy and practical manner. So, with your newfound knowledge, you can go out there and truly experience the world for what it’s meant to be.
I hope you enjoyed this article, and I’m sure that was a lot to be learnt (and a lot more still yet to be). Tell me about your favourite experiences with this amazing cuisine. Have you ever been to Italy and have the chance to try the authentic local food? I would love to hear your stories below! 🙂
If you have any comments, suggestions, or questions I’d love to hear them in the comments below! 🙂
Until the next one, stay healthy